The Camphill Movement was founded in 1940 by Dr Karl Koenig, an Austrian paediatrician. He and a group of dedicated Austrian refugees settled outside of Aberdeen with a specific purpose based on the work of Rudolf Steiner: live with, care for and educate children with special needs using an integrated approach to health, education and social care. It takes its name from Camphill House, in Aberdeen, Scotland, where the first community was established in 1940.
For over 70 years, independent Camphill charities have developed pioneering work in community building and care for vulnerable children, young people and adults. There are now more than 100 Camphill communities in more than 20 countries across the world. 60 of these communities are in the UK and Ireland.